Bernardo Ribeiro de Almeida

Housing, Land and Property Specialist

bernardo head shot.jpg

Almeida is a development and legal professional with more than ten years’ experience in land-related law in international contexts and conflict sensitive Housing, Land and Property (HLP) programming, providing technical assistance to UN agencies and INGOs on land-related legislative processes. His work includes drafting and reviewing laws and legislations, design and implementation of land-related programmes, assessment of legal practices and stakeholders, as well as examining vulnerabilities associated to HLP concerns and protection risks. Almeida is skilled in working in cross-cultural environments, combining academic research with field experience, and managing the liaison and mediation between diverse stakeholders in the development and implementation of legislation and land-related projects.


Almeida is currently finishing his PhD thesis at the Van Vollenhoven Institute, Leiden University, Holland, conducting research on the topic ‘Land tenure, land legislation, and the law-making process in Timor-Leste


2019. With or Without International Institutions? Land Acqusition for Infrastructure Projects in the Weak Legal Framework of Timor-Leste in Susanna Price, Jane Singer (eds.) 'Country Frameworks for Development Displacement and Resettlement',  Routledge 

2018. Expropriation or Plunder? Property rights and infrastructure development in Oecusse”. Book chapter in Judith Bovensiepen (ed.), The Promise of Prosperity – Visions of the Future in Timor-Leste, ANU Press, pp. 99-108


2018. A aplicação da usucapião em Timor-Leste [Applying adverse possession in Timor-Leste] in E-Boletim Lei & Justiça, 1, pp. 5-15. https://www.networktimor.org/uploads/1/1/9/7/119766361/bernardo_almeida_pp_5-15.pdf

2018. Os limite da Expropriação em Timor-Leste [The limits of expropriation in Timor-Leste] in E-Boletim Lei & Justiça, 1, pp. 19-35. https://www.networktimor.org/uploads/1/1/9/7/119766361/e-blj_ano_1_n.%C2%BA_2_pp_19-35_bernardo_almeida_pdf.pdf

2017. Navigating without a compass: state transition in Timor-Leste’s formal land tenure system, in Rui Feijó and Susana Viegas (eds), ‘Transformations in Independent Timor-Leste’, pp 123-141. Routledge.

2017. The main characteristics of the Timorese legal system – a practical guide, in Verfassung und Recht in Übersee VRÜ, 50, pp. 175-187.

2017. A Legislação Fundiária Angolana à Luz das Directrizes Voluntárias Sobre a Governança Responsável da Posse de Terra [Angolan Land Tenure Legal Framework in Light of the VGGTs], Development Workshop and World Vision Angola https://landportal.org/file/38924/download?token=FmaS1fHo.

2016. Indonesia's Changing Political Economy: Governing the Roads –review of Jamie S. Davidson [book review] in Bijdragen tot de Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde, 172, 373–409


2016. Survey on Access to Land, Tenure Security and Land Conflicts in Timor-Leste - Almeida, Bernardo; Wassel, Todd. Van Vollenhoven Institute and The Asia Foundation. https://www.universiteitleiden.nl/binaries/content/assets/rechtsgeleerdheid/metajuridica/land-report-east-timor_eng.pdf

2016. Land Policy Brief - Key Findings from the Survey on Access to Land, Tenure Security and Land Conflicts in Timor-Leste - Almeida, Bernardo; Wassel, Todd. Van Vollenhoven Institute and The Asia Foundation


2016, May. Land Governance in Timor-Leste – Where to go from here?, in SIDS Workshop, Christchurch, New Zealand.

2016. Land Tenure Legislation in Timor-Leste. Leiden University and The Asia Foundation


2015, March. With or without international institutions? Land acquisition for infrastructure projects in the fragile legal framework of Timor-Leste”, in 2015 World Bank Conference on Land and Poverty (conference), The World Bank - Washington DC.

2016, March. Re-fitting the ‘Fit-for-Purpose Land Administration’, in 2016 World Bank Conference on Land and Poverty (conference), World Bank - Washington DC.

Unpublished. Timor-Leste Country Report, in Land Tenure Initiative in the Asia Pacific, UN Habitat

2011. Article 141 (Land), Annotated Constitution of the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste (Portuguese), Pedro Carlos Bacelar de Vasconcelos (ed.), 2011 (Direitos Humanos-Centro de Investigação Interdisciplinar Escola de Direito da Universidade do Minho: Braga), p 442–445


Download full CV.